Nanomaterials are small and the small size and corresponding large surface area of nanomaterials confers specific properties, making these materials desirable for various applications, not least in medicine. However, it is pertinent to ask whether size is the only property that matters for the desirable or detrimental effects of nanomaterials?
We demonstrate the approach of adopting an ontology-supported data model, describing the materials and measurements. The data sources supported include diverse formats (ISA-Tab, OECD Harmonized Templates, custom spreadsheet templates, various databases provided by consortia members). Besides retaining the data provenance, the focus on measurements provides insights into how to reuse the chemical structure database tools for nanomaterials characterization and safety.
We demonstrate how the eNanoMapper database is used to import and publish online ENM and assay data from several data sources, how the “representational state transfer” (REST) API enables building user friendly interfaces and graphical summaries of the data, and how these resources facilitate the modelling of reproducible quantitative structure–activity relationships for nanomaterials (NanoQSAR).